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Mexico City, Mexico

Before you arrive – With a cultural heritage spanning from the Aztecs to lucha libre wrestling, abundant museums and some of the world’s best restaurants, Mexico City is shaking off its crime-and-grime image and moving on from its stopover status. This sprawling megalopolis sits in a highland basin encircled by mountains, 2,250m above sea level. Its regenerated Centro Historico, a rich mix of architectural styles, stands on top of the former Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan. The city has since survived colonisation, revolution, earthquakes and more, and Chilangos are fiercely proud of their home. It’s now a blend of old and new, from ancient ruins to striking modern architecture, ramshackle markets to chic boutiques and street food to fusion restaurants. Indeed, banish thoughts of tasteless Tex Mex: Mexican cuisine has been granted UNESCO ‘Intangible Cultural Heritage’ status.

At the airport – Benito Juarez International Airport is 5km east of the city. It’s big, modern and efficient, with two terminals linked by a monorail. Aeromexico flights from London to Mexico City take around 11 hours; returns start from £700. British citizens need a tourist card: to get this, complete an immigration form (usually given out on the flight). Don’t lose the card, you need it to leave the country. In Arrivals there are information booths, currency exchanges and ATMs.

A place filled with history and culture, the Mexico Cathedral is definitely a must-see of the city.

Getting into town – Authorised taxis are readily available; ignore the non-official taxi touts hanging around the terminal. Buy your pre-paid fare from a booth of the Transporte Terrestre and then join the line. Rates are set by zone and are per vehicle not per person, so don’t be pressured into taking a larger vehicle than you need. Alternatively book a private transfer in advance with a company such as Mexico Airport Transfers, or through your hotel (usually more expensive). Terminal Aerea Metro station is near Terminal 1. It’s on Line 5; you will probably need to change.

Other ways to arrive – Greyhound offers bus services across the US. In Mexico, first-class bus operators are UNO, running services to the south-east, and ETN, running services to north-central Mexico. The city has four main bus terminals: Terminal Central de Autobuses del Norte connects to the north; Terminal de Autobuses de Pasajeros de Oriente connects to the east; Terminal Central de Autobuses Sur, connects to the south; Terminal de Autobuses del Poniente connects to the west. No passenger trains link to Mexico City currently.

First Day’s Tour – Explore the Centro Historico on foot. At its heart is the vast, busy Zocalo (Plaza de la Constitucion). Start at the Palacio Nacional (take photo ID) on the square’s east, where Diego Rivera’s vibrant murals (right) are a visual history of Mexico, from Spanish conquest to revolution. On the north side is the Metropolitan Cathedral, one of the oldest and largest in the Americas. To the north-east are the remains of the Aztec Templo Mayor and a small archaeological museum. For more Rivera murals, walk north to the Antiguo Colegio de San lldefonso and the Secretaria de Educacion Publica.

Or stroll west along shop-lined Avenida Francisco Madero to leafy Parque Alameda and the white marble Palacio Bellas Artes. Its sumptuous Art Deco interior is home to Mexico’s opera, the Ballet Folklorico and more legendary muralists. Lunch at city institution Sanborns at Casa de los Azulejos, then take the Metro to spend the afternoon exploring Chapultepec Park, the city’s green lung. It’s home to the unmissable Museo Nacional de Antropologia (closed Mondays). Back in the Centro Historico, Azul Historico – set in the patio of a 17th-century mansion – serves regional favourites from around Mexico, such as chicken in black mole, a rich chili-chocolate sauce.

The City of Mexico is just as beautiful during the night as it is at daytime.

Where to Stay – Top end: The luxurious 189-room St Regis Mexico City (Paseo de la Reforma 439; is perfectly placed for the city’s sights and nightlife. Its ‘48 Hours in Mexico City’ package (available Thursday-Sunday) includes a personalised programme from its cultural curator, airport transfers, a city bus tour, two nights in a deluxe room, breakfast and a meal at one of its restaurants; it costs from US$435pn (£256).

Mid-range: Downtown is an artful blend of 17th-century colonial grandeur, industrial chic and indigenous culture. It has a prime location in the Centro Historico, close to the Zocalo. Doubles from US$156 (£92). Budget: The Red Tree House is set around a lovely patio, with each of the 17 rooms and suites being eclectically furnished. Doubles from US$125 (£74).

Stay or Go – Stay. You could easily spend a week exploring all the city’s offerings. Travel 50km north-east to Teotihuacan and Aztec temples. Or spend time in a brightly coloured trajinera at the Floating Gardens of Xochimilco. Art is everywhere, from Polanco’s Museo Soumaya to Caza Azul (Frida Kahlo’s home-turned-museum) and the Diego Rivera Studio Museum in San Angel. The city is home to museums on every theme, from Trotsky to tolerance. Mexico has a rich tradition of folk art and crafts. Shop at the Bazaar Sabado (Saturday market) in San Angel, where stalls sell everything from textiles to kitsch art. For high-end Mexican design, try the Downtown complex in Centro Historico. It’s worth learning about street food on a small-group tour. Try one with Eat Mexico – you’ll visit a neighbourhood market, see how tortillas are made and discover the tastiest taco and tamales stands.

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