Norfolk becomes a penal colony
This time the 35 square kilometre island was taken into the new British colony of New South Wales, becoming one of its first convict settlements and only the second British settlement in the Southern Hemisphere.
By 1814, however, this phase in Norfolk’s settlement history had ended. The risk of shipwreck was high. The country’s natural bounty, the Norfolk Island pine, once thought useful for ships’ masts was found wanting.
Convicts and settlers alike were relocated to Australia. Homes, buildings and the gaol (jail) were raised to the ground. Norfolk was abandoned once more.