Population: 6.4 million(4.59 million in the million in Northern Ireland)
Foreign visitors per year: 7.5 million
Languages: English, Irish
Major industry: exports, mainly textiles, machinery and food items
Unit of currency: euro (€)
Cost index: pint of Guinness €5-6 (US$6.90-8.27), midrange hotel double €60-120 (US$83-165), daily midsize car rental €45 (US$62), round of golf at a top course €80-150 (US$110-206).
Separating blarney from bunkum. You know the songs – hell, you probably sang some of them after drinking a few beers and declaring yourself part-Irish on 17 March. Ireland is small, but it packs a big punch, thanks to those millions of emigrants who left to earn a crust so they wouldn’t have to subsist on one. Absence makes the heart grow fonder, and when that absence stretches across the generations, well… there’s a whole lot of love for the old country Which carries with it a burden of expectation, invariably skewed towards the sheep-on-the-road, thatched-roof-on-the-cottage variety. An image that is slightly at odds with the modern Ireland of motorways and macchiatos that the Irish themselves have worked hard to develop. There aren’t that many folk songs about broadband speed on the Aran Islands, but there’s plenty of debate about it.
But the Irish know which side their tourist bread is buttered and it’s all about scenery, tradition and the warm welcome – 100,000 of them, if you believe the spiel. Beneath the touristic tomfoolery, though, is the real deal: Ireland is stunningly scenic, its traditions – music, dance, whiskey and beer – firmly intact and the cosmopolitan, contemporary Irish are just as friendly and welcoming as their forebears were known to be.
March 17 — St Patrick’s Day — is now such a big deal that it’s become St Patrick’s Festival and it’s spread over three or four days. Fireworks, gigs and parades for the kids, a long day’s ‘celebrating’ for the adults.
Summertime in Galway is festival madness — kicking off in July with the Galway Arts Festival, following on with the film festival and race week in August and the oyster festival in September.
All-Ireland Finals: the second and fourth Sundays of September are the biggest sporting days of the year, as the finals of the Gaelic football and hurling championships take place at Croke Park stadium in Dublin.
To keep the winter blues at bay, catch the best of the country’s traditional music and dance at the Ennis Trad Festival, five days of sessions, master classes, CD launches and a ceili (party), held in November in Ennis, County Clare.
The Irish themselves are inevitably at the heart of the best the country has to offer. Attend a traditional music session in a small pub in County Clare. Hook up with a walking club and do a little cross-country ambling on a soft Sunday afternoon. Go surfing at Rossnowlagh Beach in County Donegal. Or just strike up a conversation over a pint with the gang sitting next to you in the pub. It’s these connections that will make you want to come back.
The economy, stupid. And holding those who ruined it to account. The global financial crisis decimated the Irish economy, forcing it into an onerous bailout program it only exited last year. As the country reels from five years of body blows, it’s trying to figure out why, how and, especially, who.
Halloween comes from the Irish harvest festival called Samhain.
America’s White House was designed by Irish architect James Hoban, who drew inspiration from Leinster House in Dublin, now the Irish Parliament.
The expression ‘by hook or by crook’, as in ‘by any means necessary’, refers to Oliver Cromwell’s attempts to capture Waterford in the 17th century, by Hook Head or the village of Crook.
A goat is crowned king and everybody drinks for three days – it’s just another edition of August’s Puck Fair in Killorglin, County Kerry – Ireland’s quirkiest festival.
A rambling 19th-century house built into the ruins of a medieval castle draped in wisteria, Ballymaloe is the password for “coziest inn in Ireland.” Myrtle Allen has lived here since 1947, raising her six children and slowly building a reputation—first national and then international—as an inspired self- trained cook, cookbook author, and born hostess.
Most kitchen ingredients (except for the signature fresh fish offerings direct from nearby Ballycotton Harbor) are from Allen’s famous orchards, gardens, and 400-acre working farm that surround the country house. The ancient gatehouse and stables have been converted into large, comfortable guest quarters (Mrs. Allen tries to book guests into rooms that suit them best).
In a nearby converted apple barn, Darina, her ebullient daughter-in-law (herself a well-known cookbook author and leading authority on Irish food) runs the country’s first and most important cooking school (more than thirty courses are offered yearly, from one day to several weeks each).
Ballymaloe (“place of honey” in Gaelic) owes its special conviviality to the enveloping welcome of the extended Allen clan and family-like staff who create an elegant, but very unhotel-like atmosphere, “divorced from snobbery” as Myrtle Allen would say while describing her simple country-house cooking.
Some claim chef William O’Callaghan is the most important force working in the Irish kitchen today. How appropriate that he is given carte blanche at Longueville House, his family’s ancestral Georgian mansion. On the family’s recently, Longueville boasted Ireland’s only vineyard, making its own limited production of a fine Riesling-like wine in this land enamored of beer and whiskies.
The entire O’Callaghan family is on hand to oversee a highly professional operation: Longueville is both smooth and casual. The hotel’s award winning Presidents’ Room restaurant is lined with the portraits of Ireland’s past heads of state; those still alive show up in person when in the area. The finger bowl set will not be disappointed, nor will those looking for the exceptional weekend or special occasion. The O’Callaghans have called this splendid mansion home since 1720. Before that their ancestors, the Ua Ceallachains, resided in the 16th-century castle whose crumbling ruins can be seen on the grounds, at the foot of a grassy hill near the banks of the Blackwater River, the Irish Rhine.
Winner of the much-coveted National Gardens Award, the postcard- perfect Assolas welcomes guests like family—one couldn’t hope to be treated more royally than at the memorable meals orchestrated in the red jewel-box Queen Anne dining room. The 17th-century vine-covered Assolas is run by consummate hosts: it has been the Bourke family home for generations, and it is impossible to guess when it began welcoming paying guests.
The simple charm and beauty of this lovely corner of County Cork should not be taken for granted. Young chef and co-owner Hazel Bourke approaches her cooking with an appreciation for the strength of simplicity. Using only local and absolutely fresh ingredients, many from the house’s walled garden, she serves everything as straightforwardly as possible: the result is always superb.
Kanturk sits right in the middle of Ireland’s finest dairy region and provides Bourke with an excellent selection of farm-fresh cheese and dairy products: try her simple and simply wonderful cream of celery and lovage soup. For all its elegance, Assolas is also relaxed and homey: the waterproof boots at the door are for guests to use on an afternoon’s walk around the estate’s beautiful grounds in the Irish mist.
In yesterday’s gastronomically challenged Ireland of corned beef and cabbage, seaside Kinsale’s role as the country’s culinary capital may have been taken as a comical oxymoron. But since the so-called Irish cooking revolution, this beautiful yachting and fishing town on the Irish Sea and its impressive (and still growing) profusion of excellent restaurants large and small has drawn pampered palates from near and far.
The increasingly popular Kinsale International Gourmet Food Festival might include everything from a cooking demonstration by the Housewife of the Year to oyster husking. Unofficial headquarters is the hopping, much-loved Blue Haven Hotel. Situated on the site of the Old Fish Market in the center of Kinsale, a superb dinner at the Blue Haven’s top-notch seafood restaurant doesn’t leave guests with much room for the next morning’s renowned seven-course Irish breakfast—you’ll be tempted nonetheless if you’ve had the foresight to check into the recently refurbished guest rooms next door.
Despite its growing popularity, Kinsale is still a fine town for strolling. Its cobblestoned streets are lined with pastel-painted 18th-century homes and there’s a harbor full of bobbing boats, but you can pub-hop straight to The Spaniard Inn for hilltop views, simple food, and foot-tapping Irish music.
Splendid ancestral home to one of the few native Gaelic families of royal blood, Dromoland Castle was built in 1543 by the O’Briens, barons of Inchiquin, direct descendants of the High King Brian Bora, valiant leader of a victory over the Danes in 1014. Today the eighteenth Baron of Inchiquin still lives on the grounds (but with 370 acres, don’t expect to see him in the breakfast room or during afternoon tea). Imposing from outside, inside this massive pile is surprisingly intimate—a scrapbook of Irish history where the exemplary service demanded by the O’Briens still prevails.
The grand elegance of Dromoland is most evident in the theatrical setting of its high-ceilinged dining room. House specialties such as Dromoland Estate venison with fig chutney give new sophistication to local cuisine. One could conceivably never leave the grounds, if not for the enticing vicinity of the fabled Ballybunion Golf Course, 70 miles away, and Lalhinch, the “St. Andrew’s of Ireland” only 35 miles away. Dromoland’s own 18-hole golf course serves nicely as a backyard alternative, and an on-site luxury spa, horseback riding, and shooting will placate nongolfers.
One must-do day trip is the half-hour drive to the nearby Cliffs of Moher, one of Ireland’s most dramatically beautiful natural attractions. Rising majestically up out of the Atlantic 700 to 1,220 feet, these dark walls of moss-covered limestone stretch for 5 miles between Hag’s Head and O’Brien’s Tower.
Ireland’s number two city hosts the country’s number one jazz festival during a fall weekend before settling in for a winter’s respite. Cork is the South’s sporting, commercial, and brewing center: Guinness’s two contenders, the well-loved dry stouts Murphy’s and Beamish, are both produced in County Cork. But it is Guinness—what James Joyce called “the wine of Ireland”—that sponsors this major music fest. Beer plays a big role in keeping the beat alive, though one overshadowed by the power, quality, and diversity of the music in a country in love with its musical heritage.
The big-time international names perform in the Opera House and a number of other theaters around town, but the pubs and street comers can offer up some of the festival’s most inspiring, and spontaneous, performances by up-and-coming talents. Nearby Kinsale (18 miles/29 km southwest of Cork; see below) has recently taken up the torch as a smaller, more intimate venue with a jazz fest all its own.
In Cork, stay above the hubbub at the late- Georgian former home of the Lord Mayor of Cork, the Arbutus Lodge, whose panoramic views are outdone by the hotel’s famous restaurant highlighting classic Irish cuisine and the most impressive wine cellar in the area. The Arbutus Lodge Hotel is the best in Cork and houses Cork’s very best restaurant. Although its fashionable location and hilltop vantage are part of the allure, the festival fever never feels far away: most of the festival headliners call this family-run place home.
Visit Ireland and not kiss the Blarney Stone? Not if you want to obtain that precious “gift of the gab” acknowledged by Irish poet and playwright Oscar Wilde when describing his own people as “a nation of great failures but the greatest talkers since the Greeks.” Hordes of people come from the most distant corners of the world, clamber up the 127 steep steps of 500-year-old Blarney Castle, lie on their backs over a sheer drop of 120 feet (strong-armed “holders” guarantee there are no mishaps, but no one seems to consider the germ factor), and contort themselves into unflattering positions to kiss a rock believed to have made its way here in 1314 from Scotland.
Others claim the oblong block of limestone dates back to the Crusades. Regardless, and for inexplicable reasons, the stone was always believed to have special powers and continues to exercise much fascination. Elizabeth I is said to have introduced the word blarney into the English language in the 16th century when the silver-tongued lord of Blarney Castle plied her with one too many unfulfilled honey-sweet promises. “Blarney! It’s all blarney!” the perturbed queen was said to have remarked.
Ireland’s other must-see castle is the country’s most authentic (and also highly trafficked). Built alongside the O’Gamey River and today surrounded by a huge theme park of a 19th-century Irish village, the current Bunratty Castle was built in the early 1400s, although earlier fortifications may have dated back to the 13th century at this strategic site. This great rectangular edifice with square towers is Ireland’s most complete and most impressive medieval stronghold. Its center-piece Great Hall is where the resident earl held court and received emissaries under the 48-foot ceilings.
Deep coffers have furnished the castle today with a magnificent collection of period furniture, paintings, sculpture, and tapestries. Torch lit medieval-style banquets offer those who leave skepticism back at the hotel a most enjoyably raucous evening of traditional Irish music and eat-with-your-hands meals, flowing claret, and mugs of mead at long communal tables.
In a country known around the world for its verdant, coast-to-coast beauty, it says something that the Irish call Wicklow “the Garden of Ireland.” The Wicklow Mountains, a major beauty spot, are located remarkably close to the capital city. Hotel guests can be in downtown Dublin within forty-five minutes, though it will seem light-years away after they check into the Victorian Italianate Tinakilly House.
This gracious 19th-century country manor was built for the captain of the Great Eastern, who laid the first successful transatlantic cable in 1866. His love for the sea is evident everywhere (the lobby’s central staircase is a replica of the one on the captain’s ship), and nautical memorabilia fill the public rooms and guest rooms, most of which are named after a famous ship.
Adjacent to the tidal-lake Broadlough Bird Sanctuary, and surrounded by 7 acres of sylvan grounds, Tinakilly is serene, quiet, wonderfully romantic, and offers an embarrassment of country pursuits (Wicklow offers twenty-three golf courses), though with a renowned and award-winning restaurant right on the grounds, one might be tempted just to live from one excellent meal to the next. Find a quiet view-filled comer, or an empty chair in front of the ever-burning fire in the great hall, and spend a few hours with a good book between epicurean feasts.
The best time to catch sleepy Wexford is in October, when the whole town turns out in full swing for its renowned Opera Festival. Wexford puffs up its chest with pride, as the over-fifty-year-old event grows in prestige and recognition, continuing to showcase lesser-known operas and sometimes world-class performers. Unsnobby, nonelitist, and often offbeat, it is the country’s most important opera festival. Myriad other art exhibitions, concerts, and pub nights of traditional Irish music enthusiastically jump on board for the three-week period, creating a townwide partygoing atmosphere.
Experience more of that spirit of both small-town pride and sophistication with a stay at County Wexford’s most gracious and beautiful inn, the exquisite Regency-style Marlfield House. Set amid 36 acres of gardens and parkland that are as impeccably overseen as the inn itself, this 1820 seat of the Earls of Courtown (sold to the present owners in 1978) is an antiques-filled oasis of calm with its own lake and wild fowl reserve.
Enjoy refined dining in the romantic, candlelit Victorian-style conservatory added by the current owners. Filled with plants, mirrors, and the aroma of delicately prepared seafood, an evening here makes for the perfect ending to a Wexford stay.